What is FTP?

FTP stands for "File Transfer Protocol." This protocol allows computers on the Internet to share files, much in the same way files are shared on a local area network. An FTP "site" is a computer on the Internet that is running a specialized program to allow the transfer of files. They often require that a user logs in with a username and password. Sometimes people will use FTP as a verb. If someone says "FTP that file from this location" they mean use a program such as WS-FTP or Fetch to contact an FTP site and transfer the file from that site to your computer.

What is Anonymous FTP?

FTP sites require that users log in with a username and password. Many sites allow "anonymous" users. These are called Anonymous FTP sites. When a user logs in to these sites, they will ask for a username and password. The word "anonymous" is used for a username, and usually a valid email address or the word "guest" will suffice for a password.

How do I use FTP?

To use FTP, an Internet user may either run a local (on your computer) FTP program such as WS-FTP(PC) or Fetch(Mac) over a PPP connection, or run a UNIX-based program, such as Ncftp from a UNIX shell account.

What are WS-FTP and Fetch?

WS-FTP and Fetch are FTP clients (e.g. programs) that use the file transfer protocol to send and receive files over a SLIP/PPP connection. They are relatively simple to use, requiring a HOST, or site name (i.e. ftp.scescape.net), a USER ID and a PASSWORD to connect to an FTP site. Files and directories can be changed in a manner that is similar to the operating system on which the program runs.