What is FTP?
FTP stands for "File Transfer Protocol." This protocol allows computers
on the Internet to share files, much in the same way files are shared on
a local area network.
An FTP "site" is a computer on the Internet that is running a specialized
program to allow the transfer of files. They often require that a user
logs in with a username and password.
Sometimes people will use FTP as a verb. If someone says "FTP that file
from this location" they mean use a program such as WS-FTP or Fetch to
contact an FTP site and transfer the file from that site to your computer.
What is Anonymous FTP?
FTP sites require that users log in with a username and password. Many
sites allow "anonymous" users. These are called Anonymous FTP sites.
When a user logs in to these sites, they will ask for a username and
password. The word "anonymous" is used for a username, and usually a
valid email address or the word "guest" will suffice for a password.
How do I use FTP?
To use FTP, an Internet user may either run a local (on your computer)
FTP program such as WS-FTP(PC) or Fetch(Mac) over a PPP connection,
or run a UNIX-based program, such as Ncftp from a UNIX shell account.
What are WS-FTP and Fetch?
WS-FTP and Fetch are FTP clients (e.g. programs) that use the file
transfer protocol to send and receive files over a SLIP/PPP connection.
They are relatively simple to use, requiring a HOST, or site name (i.e.
ftp.scescape.net), a USER ID and a PASSWORD to connect to an FTP site.
Files and directories can be changed in a manner that is similar to the
operating system on which the program runs.